Children admitted to PICU after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A predictive model of mortality.

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Children admitted to PICU after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A predictive model of mortality.

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Title: Children admitted to PICU after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A predictive model of mortality.
Author: Torres, Silvio.; Ioister, Thomas.; Reyes, Pablo.; Schnitzler, Eduardo.; Longo, Pablo.; Siaba, Alejandro.; Chantada, Gustavo.; et al.
Abstract: Abstract Introduction: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in children is associated with severe complications that need admission to critical care units. Mortality in this group of patients remains high with reported survival that ranges between 38 and 71%. Goals: To analyze the predictive factors of mortality of pediatric patients who received HSCT and were admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) Material and methods: Retrospective review and analysis of a population of children and adolescents who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from 12/01/2008 to 11/30/2018 and were admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a university hospital. Results: Of 248 patients subjected to the analysis, 109 patients were admitted. Overall mortality was 29% (n=32). After univariate analysis, the type of transplant (unrelated), baseline disease (malignant vs non-malignant), febrile neutropenia, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, multiorgan failure, respiratory failure, graft versus host disease (GVHD), conditioning regimen with myeloablative chemotherapy and pre-transplant malnutrition were associated with higher mortality. After the Multivariate Analysis of Logistic Regression, the variables GVHD (OR 2, 23 95% CI: 1.92 a 2, 98), need of mechanical ventilation ( OR 2.47,95% CI 1.39 a 5.73) unrelated allogeneic transplants (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.14 a 2.17) and previous malnutrition (OR: 1.78, 95% CI 1,223-3.89) were statistically associated with mortality. Conclusion: In our population two of three children receiving HSCT and admitted to PICU survived. Graft vs. host disease, need of mechanical ventilation, unrelated transplantation and previous malnutrition were predictors of mortality
Description: Open Access https://medcraveonline.com/JPNC/JPNC-09-00389.pdf
URI: https://riu.austral.edu.ar/handle/123456789/968
Date: 2019-08-16


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J Pediatr Neonatal Care. 2019;9(4);111‒115.pdf 536.6Kb PDF View/Open IA - Torres

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