[Idursulfase desensitization in a child with Hunter syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis II)]
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Abstract in English, Spanish Enzyme replacement therapy with idursulfase decreases morbidity and improves quality of life of patients with mucopolysaccharidosis ii. Immediate hypersensitivity reactions to this drug have been described. Desensitization is a treatment that induces temporary tolerance to a culprit drug, allowing the allergic patient to receive the medication. We present the case of a 7-year-old patient diagnosed with Hunter syndrome who presented, after 4 years of treatment, two episodes of anaphylaxis during the infusion of idursulfase. Detection of specific immunoglobulin E was carried out using skin tests, with intradermal reaction at a 1/10 dilution (0.2 mg/ml) being positive. A 12-step desensitization protocol was performed without presenting adverse events. The allergological evaluation and the possibility of desensitization were useful tools in the management of our patient. Keywords: child; enzyme replacement therapy; immediate hypersensitivity; metabolism inborn errors; treatment. Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría.
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